Five million healthy Britons will be tracked for years in attempt to develop artificial intelligence which spots signs of cancer and dementia far earlier.
Ministers said the measures – part of Britain’s industrial strategy – will form the largest ever study of its kind.
The programme to accelerate detection of disease will track detailed clinical information – such as genetic records, scans and samples – from 1 million volunteeers, while regularly questioning a further 4 million patients in order to build a detailed picture.
The plans aim to speed up cancer diagnosis, potentially resulting in 22,000 fewer deaths a year within five years, as well as making breakthroughs detecting other major diseases far sooner.
Officials said the changes could save tens of thousands of lives by spotting deadly diseases long before symptoms even appear.
The technology will be developed by a new partnership between government and industry using artificial intelligence (AI) to develop the next generation of treatments.